USAPA Reapproves Jugs Pickleballs, Clarifies Ball Conditioning Requirements for Pure 2

Jugs Indoor Pickleball

Jugs Indoor Pickleball, available in white or green

The USAPA has announced that the much-beloved Jugs Indoor Ball is back on the list of approved balls for tournament play PROVIDED they are properly conditioned. They’ve clarified that the Onix Pure 2 Indoor and Outdoor Balls need to be conditioned prior to use at sanctioned tournaments as well. This is to assure the balls bounce less than 34 inches when dropped from a 78-inch height.

Straight out of the package, the Jugs and Pure 2 Balls all bounce about 36 inches. According to Christine Barksdale, Director of Competition at the USAPA, “Effective January 1, 2018 conditioning will no longer be an acceptable method for meeting bounce height criterion.”

But there is much more to this story for any who are interested… 

The Real Story Behind the Announcement

You may think this rule change is much ado about nothing. As a 5.0 tournament player, I can tell you this is not the case. Many players have expressed passionate views about the rule changes relating to balls on social media in recent months. A couple of inches of bounce height is serious stuff. 

While USAPA ball rule changes have fueled much of the debate, the melee really began in 2015 with the introduction of new balls like the Onix Pure Outdoor Ball. The original Pure Ball was a yellow or orange 40-hole outdoor ball that was softer and easier to control than other outdoor balls. These are fantastic in many ways. However, because it was easier to control, many top players complained that it equalized play between lesser and better players.

Simply put, many players feel that the Pure Outdoor Ball changes the game in a way that reduces the skill needed for finesse shots. While I personally love both the newer, softer Pure Balls and the older, harder balls (like the Dura Fast 40), I have come to agree with these players’ assessments. 

We’re no longer dealing with mere wiffle balls; pickleballs have critical characteristics discernible by connoisseurs of the sport. Should we have one ball for pros and another for recreational players? Should there be different balls for juniors vs. adults? Should there be different balls based on the playing surface or weather conditions? Many sports have these variations.

Because some balls (like the Pure 2 and Jugs Balls) bounce higher when new, this creates inconsistent play as the ball wears over the course of a match or two.

The USAPA sought to address this issue while also addressing issues relating to the very nature of the sport. In October 2015, the USAPA  modified the bounce limit from 37 inches to 34 inches.

Their goal in limiting the bounce height was to preserve the tactical nature of the sport which rewards the patience and finesse required to succeed with a lower bouncing ball. The deadline for achieving the lower bounce was first set at May 1, 2016 and later pushed back to October 1, 2016.

Onix PURE 2 Outdoor Pickleball

Onix PURE 2 Outdoor Pickleball, available in yellow and orange

Balls perform differently when used outdoors on hard surfaces compared to indoors on floating wood floors. This further complicates the situation, much like how a tennis ball behaves differently on a concrete vs. a clay or grass court. More on this later…

In response to the 2015 rule change, Escalade (the company that produces the Onix Pure and Pure 2 balls) scrambled to develop balls that bounced under 34 inches. 

Their solution was to have users condition the balls prior to use or testing so that they would meet the 34-inch maximum bounce height. As with many innovations, the law of unintended consequences reared its head.

As 5.0 players, tournament directors and officials within the USAPA learned about the implications of conditioning, it started to create real-world problems, particularly for tournament directors needing balls that performed to USAPA standards without any conditioning.

The first conditioning process published by the USAPA involved squeezing each ball by hand 6 times in 16 different places, for a total of 96 manual squeezes.

For me, thumb tendinitis sets in after conditioning only 2 balls!

Imagine the problem of trying to figure out how to condition 250 balls prior to a tournament. Innovative tournament directors were faced with the challenge of addressing this with a variety of “home remedies.” I’ve heard stories of some really creative attempts to condition balls using clothes dryers for instance.

What’s the right setting? 15 minutes on the perma-press cycle? These approaches were interesting, but largely unscientific and unrepeatable. 

Fortunately, the USAPA is sorting this all out. They opened up dialog with the manufacturers to put the burden of consistency and science back where it belongs—on the companies producing the balls. 

Aren’t Indoor and Outdoor Balls Different?

While design differentiates indoor and outdoor pickleballs, the biggest changes in performance are determined by playing surface. Most outdoor play is on asphalt or concrete; most indoor play is on wood or carpet. More indoor facilities are accommodating pickleball on tennis courts, and outdoor balls are generally used because of the harder surfaces.

Popular outdoor balls are heavier and have 40 smaller holess. They perform better in windy conditions and on abrasive surfaces. Indoor balls are lighter and have 26 larger holes. Indoor balls perform well on smoother surfaces with no wind. But here’s the catch: Wood floors absorb more energy, resulting in a much lower bounce compared to concrete or asphalt.

The Jugs Ball is the most popular ball for indoor play, and though it bounces over 36 inches on concrete when new, on wood floors it bounces less than 34 inches. The same is true for the Onix Pure 2 Indoor Ball. This is why most of the debate underway concerns the Pure 2 Outdoor Ball used on asphalt or concrete. The Onix Pure 2 Outdoor Ball actually bounces 36-37 inches on the surface for which it is intended: asphalt or concrete.

Talking About the Dura Fast 40 (and the TOP, and the 503…)

As a tournament player involved with a retailer that sells more pickleballs than anyone else in the world, in my own unscientific sampling I found most 5.0 players prefer the original Dura Fast 40 balls for outdoor play. (In the interest of full disclosure, this same retailer acquired the Dura brand in August 2016.)

The Dura and Pure 2 Balls are made very differently, using different chemistry and materials. The Dura Fast 40 Balls are made using a seamless rotomolding process where holes are drilled after the balls are formed using a seamless production process. There is a line on the inside of the ball, but this isn’t a “seam,” it is simply the line that the mold makes during the release process. The Onix 503 and TOP Balls are made using the same process.

Dura Fast 40 Outdoor Pickleball

Dura Fast 40 Outdoor Pickleball, available in yellow, orange, white and neon.

The Dura Fast 40 Ball was developed in 1980 by Pickle-Ball Inc working closely with a family that specialized in unique high performance plastics manufacturing who had also taken an interest in pickleball. The ball was developed specifically for outdoor pickleball play on concrete or asphalt courts. The rotomolding and drilling process produces a geometrically precise ball with a smooth finish and attractive appearance.

This has been the primary outdoor ball for decades, and most players love it. But this type of ball demands real finesse. Players who have mastered this ball are recognized as deserving their 5.0 ratings. Their ability with this ball sets them apart, and they require no conditioning.

The Dura Fast 40 has always been the official ball used at the USAPA Nationals, and is now the official ball of the US Open. Alas for many, it will always be “the outdoor pickleball.”

When Pickleballs Go Sour

Many other balls have been introduced over the years. Most of them have suffered from a variety of issues including cracking, unpredictable flight patterns, a tendency to go out of round and unusual playability at certain temperatures.

Designing a plastic orb that performs after thousands of high-speed impacts with precision over time, in a variety of weather conditions, is a truly difficult scientific endeavor.

Pickleball evolved around a specific set of playability characteristics, and the USAPA is seeking to protect the integrity of the sport.

Neon Color Dura Fast 40 Ball

New Neon Color Dura Fast 40 Ball is the official ball of the US Open Pickleball Championships

Other sports have had their own issues with equipment. Golf has long suffered from issues with changes to golf balls. Aluminum and corked bats have changed baseball, and many would not say for the better. Remember “Deflategate?” Who would have thought that a half a pound of pressure in a football would have the consequences it did?

Large, well-financed companies have attempted to reproduce the magic of that breakthrough Dura Ball. For example, Wilson launched their similar outdoor ball prior to the US Open in 2015. They believed it would have similar bounce characteristics as the Dura Balls, but they found that the chemistry and manufacturing process was hard to master.

They quickly discontinued the ball due to out-of-round complaints a month prior to the US Open. Players loved the visibility of that new ball, but disliked the irregular bounces, and sometimes no bounce at all! 

US Open Logo

Late in 2016, a neon green version of the Dura Fast 40 was launched. The Dura Fast 40 will be the official ball of the US Open Pickleball Championships from 2017 through 2019. Others are following suit, and there is now a neon green version of the TOP Ball.

Differences in Pickleball Manufacturing    

“Injection molding” is a different type of manufacturing process than rotational molding. The Pure 2 Outdoor and Indoor Balls and the Jugs 26-Hole Indoor Ball (aka the Jugs Bulldog) are made using an injection molding process.

The holes are not drilled but formed in the mold. Each half is molded and the two halves are glued together. The chemistry of the materials and the injection process results in softer balls that bounce higher initially.

These softer balls are easier to control for many players. However, many tournament players, 5.0 pros and pickleball purists disdain them. Tennis players generally prefer the softer balls because they are more responsive to spin.

Do we want to give elite tennis players—already dominating the sport—even more advantage?

Injection molding is a proven way for plastics engineers to create high quality predictable products. While I’m not a materials scientist or polymer engineer (though I am an engineer), what we’ve heard is that the plastic material itself has to have certain characteristics to flow into the molds.  These characteristics manifest themselves in the way the balls bounce out of the package. After stress relieving (aka conditioning), these balls bounce less.

Cosom Fun Ball

The Cosom Fun Ball was the leading indoor pickleball.

Changing the chemistry of injection molded balls to make them bounce less is simple, right? We’ll see. Remember the Cosom Fun Ball which dominated indoor play for years? In my first tournament in SeaTac directed by Mark Friedenberg in 2013, the Cosom Ball was used.

In hard play, most balls would not last a single game before breaking at the seam. The boxes of broken balls at the conclusion of the tournament would have filled a mini van! Achieving great performance and lower bounce may prove a significant challenge for Jugs and Onix.

The Future of Pickleball(s)

Where do we go from here? During my research for this blog post I’ve heard a wide variety of opinions.  I’ve had the great pleasure of speaking with dozens of 5.0 players, manufacturer’s representatives, testing personnel at the USAPA and scientists working at the epicenter of this great debate. 

Some suggest the USAPA stipulate the exact materials composition and characteristic of indoor and outdoor pickleballs just like baseball does for balls, while others say that only the playability characteristics be defined by the governing body (like in golf.) 

Fortunately the USAPA is taking the lead in helping clear up this controversy in an effort to maintain the integrity of the sport. To that end, they have committed to further clarifying the rules relating to ball specifications, plus they have engaged the services of a new professional engineering testing firm to assist in making sure products used in sanctioned tournament play reflect the characteristics that assure long-term success for our sport. 

Ultimately the market will decide what type of balls are used. The one thing I know is this—whenever I get a new package of balls to test from some new company, I’m eager to get on the court and try them out! In 2016 I saw the introduction of several new balls from Paddletek, Gamma and others, and I had a great time getting to know these products firsthand. As a player, I say, “Let the battle for ball supremacy rage on!”

When I think about it, these aren’t just wiffle balls. They are the core DNA of our sport, and innovation in this aspect of our game is exciting and controversial stuff.

I really want to know what you think. Please post your comments here or on our Facebook page. Let the marketplace hear your voice as well. 

Glen Peterson is a retired engineer who spent a successful career at Caterpillar. He is a 5.0-rated tournament player who has had earned dozens of gold, silver and bronze medals at the USAPA Nationals, the US Open and other tournaments. He now works with PickleballCentral in a variety of product management roles and is sponsored by Selkirk Sports, whose paddles he uses in competition.


75 thoughts on “USAPA Reapproves Jugs Pickleballs, Clarifies Ball Conditioning Requirements for Pure 2

  1. I’m trying to play in a gym that has a very soft floor. I just tested the balls we have after reading this article, and our balls bounce about 27 inches after being dropped from 78 inches. Does anyone have a suggestion for a ball that will bounce the 34 inches or so that is expected, on a super soft floor? We are just rec players, the ball need not be officially approved.

  2. Love the Dura other than the durability. The conditioning thing seems crazy to me. Adoption of characteristics for approved balls seems best and let the tournament directors choose one of the approved products to use. I’m hopeful that a more durable ball that plays like a Dura is in our future!

  3. With the onset of Covid and every court being closed, the only alternative has been street pickleball. The Onix balls are the only ones to hold up to the streets. The Durafast ball shatters in only one or two games.

    • You can condition any of those balls by wrapping them in a towel and dunking them in boiling water for 3 minutes. Let them cool down in open air!

      Please let me know what you think of this technique. I’ve used this technique in my group!

  4. Have there been any updates to this? At my indoor pickleball club we play a mix of the Jugs and the Onix Fuse 2. They are radically different balls and provide completely different games. Mostly we are at 3.5 – 4.0 level play. With the Fuse 2 most points are 2-3 hits, and after several years of play everyone has learned the best shot is to drive the ball hard. No one develops a third shot drop because with this ball, it’s completely ineffective, and super hard to slow down a fast shot. I find it radically different than outdoor play. With the Jugs, it’s completely different; a slow dinking game, third shot drops galore; a game of patience and strategy and feels like an outdoor game. However many love the Fuse 2 because of the power they can hit with and the improbability of a hard shot being returned – Fuse 2 rewards a very aggressive style of play. Indoor tournaments around here seem to use the Fuse 2. I find it so amazingly different from outdoor play, i’m confused as to why the Fuse 2 would be the USPA approved ball for indoor tournaments, creating pretty much a totally separate sport (more like racketball) for indoor vs outdoor play. Any insights? We play on a hard tile gym surface by the way, which may be a factor (as opposed to a wood surface which is a bit slower).

  5. We have found on our Versa courts here in So. Arizona that we had better results using the TOP ball during the warm weather and the Onix during the winter. We found the Onix became too soft in the high temps we experience during the summer. During the AZ winters they held up just fine. The TOP played very well during the summer, but was more susceptible to cracking in the winter than the Onix.

  6. 5.0 Players may love and want to keep the harder balls and I say fine. But for the indoor and even outdoor recreation players enjoy the Jugs and Onix and believe strongly they continue to use them even in the lesser tournaments around the US !

  7. “Injection molding is a proven way for plastics engineers to create high quality predictable products. ….what we’ve heard is that the plastic material itself has to have certain characteristics to flow into the molds. These characteristics manifest themselves in the way the balls bounce out of the package…”

    Ok, Ok, I know I’m coming way late to the party, but, as an engineer, I couldn’t let this semi-slating of injection molded plastics slide.


    I’m also not a plastics engineer, but on one occasion I had to make a design choice of injection molded or roto-molded. Roto-molding is by no means an easy process. If you inject a glob of plastic into a mold closed around the outer shape (the typical method), the plastic and the mold have to be at just the right starting temperature and be cooled at just the right rate to get consistent results.

    It doesn’t surprise me that roto-molded balls have some wall thickness inconsistencies. Have you ever noticed how the walls of roto-molded gas cans vary in thickness? I can’t even imagine how complex the spinning must be to get an even distribution of the plastic as it cools. My experience, granted that it’s limited, is that I could get more consistent results injecting into a completely enclosed injection mold. The process was much more forgiving.

    The online video implying that ‘drilling the holes’ is somehow ‘more ‘precise’ also seems like another myth. Not only do you have a multi axis drilling machine and drill bits to take care of, but getting the drilling swarf out of the balls is yet another manufacturing step. Drilling and cleaning seems about a wash to precisely molded-in holes and welding.

    You pay your money and you take your choice; please just be fair in the reporting.

      • Thank you Anna!

        I didn’t realize that some one would actually edit the comment – I just wanted to correct the errors I made.

        On Wed, Oct 24, 2018 at 11:42 AM wrote:

        > Anna commented: “Done” >

  8. That was a great article, I love the dura fast 40 but they crack to easily and it’s warm down here in Florida. The oinx 2 is the longest lasting .

  9. These are my observations playing with the dura.
    1. Hard to switch over and play with it if your use to playing with the onix.
    2. If you suffer from elbow pain the dura is more painful to play with.
    3. You have to constantly check for cracks that are not easy to see.
    4. Harder to control, especially while serving

    If you play with a group that members like to play in tournaments you will likely see the dura. What surprises me the most is that they like the dura.

    • One method I did for our group was to wrap the DURA balls with towel and dunked them in boiling water for 3 minutes; open the towel and let the balls cool down. It made the balls durable and it took a long time for the balls to crack.

      I learned that technique from car manufacturers on how they make their plastic components more durable.

      Romy Obrique USAPA Ambassador Victorville, CA

      Sent from my iPhone


  10. I am a 4.0 player who occasionally plays tournaments, including the US Open. I have been told by several pros that they prefer the Dura balls for the reason you suggest. These balls require more skill. However, for those of us not on tour, it is difficult to transition from recreational play where Onix Pure balls tend to be the norm. The reason for this is that they last longer, and do not go out of round and crack like the Duras. Before my last tournament, I made my friends play with Dura balls and most of the balls were cracked or out of round after just a couple hours of play. Even the pros have to check Dura balls before each match and cull defective balls. We have to do better with this problem since Duras are not the answer for anyone.

  11. Hi everyone! What a great sport. I have being playing for two years now. love many of the comments. Often on I have been thinking about the name: Pickleball. One thing good about that name is that it is a good starting discussion when you are talking to people who do not know the game. But that’s it. ( No offense to the originator of the game. )
    So, I would hope that over time ( sooner than later ) that a name change would occur.

    My suggestion would be Pickaball. In view of the present discusion over balls, this might be humorous, but I am serious.I think this name will give the sport more respect ( again, no offense to the creator ) while keeping part of the original name.
    The fact that the game, regarless of the ”funny” or ”weird” name, has gain so much popularity
    is proof of the genius of it all: fun, social, exercise, all age etc. ( Again no offense to the inventor and his dog. ) Pickaball: hum… sounds good.


  12. I bought the new Dura fast 40 neon balls . We are seniors and probably skill levels of 3.5 as we have just started a year ago. After 10-12 games they have cracked. Is there a manufacturing problem or bad batch?? I have bought the yellow and orange and didn’t have this issue. I like this ball as it is the official tournament ball.

  13. I’d like to see comments/reviews of other balls on the approved list rather than Onix vs Dura. Particularly interested in how colors other than green or orange.

    • Hi Peter,

      Most of the popular balls come in yellow as well as green and orange. There are also our Midnight Indoor Pickleballs which are the same style as the Jugs but come in coral, black and blue colors.

      RiverStyks is a company that offers pickleballs in a wide variety of colors as well, even with bi-color options that make it easy to practice spin.

      • Our gym use green (granny apple ) from RiverStyks but they BREAK !!!☹️ We also used Pickleball Now green ones but can’t get them anymore but they Broke too !! So we put our money into Orange Onix ball that last, but rather green because our gym lights are yellow along with our walls and white floor. Orange balls look lighter in our gym!

  14. My thoughts are these. I played tennis for years when I was younger until an injury forced me to quit. Luckily, I am able play pickleball as the area to cover is less and of course the serve is easier on old shoulders. In my opinion, a large part of the pickleball community does consist of older individuals who have migrated from tennis. I personally am a club player at best. And I appreciate the higher bouncing ball which allows myself and my fellow players to have longer rallies. For us pickleball is an enjoyment, not a competition. Let the pros use Dura if they so desire, but give us a ball we can have fun with.

  15. Interesting article Glen. Why not rate and label the balls per their 78″ drop height? Call it DHP, Drop Height Performance, then tournament bodies could specify a rating instead of model or brand. I would compare it to Bat Performance Factor, BPF, in baseball. Leagues spec bat ratings instead bat models. Then it would be up to manufacturers to test and label their product vs sanctioning body knowing different ball specs. I would expect most tournaments already supply only one type of ball and they would be new, so no player would have an advantage.

  16. Glen, I noticed in one of your articles you mention started playing on a court of plastic squares. My question is have you heard of or played on a surface called flex court which is interlocking squares. Im in the process of building courts for my city and would like your feedback

    • I had one of the first interlocking tile courts in California in 1985. Too slippery! Unsafe! Ripped it out for a hard surface.

  17. Onix pure 2 outdoor and indoor balls are great. They don’t crack and seem to last forever. At the recreational level it shouldn’t matter what ball one uses. The ideal is to have fun and some exercise. I don’t like the hard dura balls – no fun for me especially when they crack so easy.

  18. Regarding the line-call dilemma….Color against contrasting color improves line call accuracy by a factor of 3 or more. Check out U. S. Patent 4,045,022…Grant , et al. August 30, 1977. Read and find that eliminating lines on pickle ball courts increases accuracy of line calls by players, refs and spectators. It costs the same or less to resurface a court with no lines. Before you scoff and criticize; try it. It will save you having to apologize. 😉

  19. Here are my thoughts. Dura 40 vs pure 2 outdoor. Yes the pure 2 bounces higher out of the box but after a very short time it calms down and bounces the same hight as a dura 40. And it has one huge advantage over the dura…it lasts!!!! The dura balls crack so regularly they are almost what I would call a disposable ball. The jugs vs pure 2 indoor balls. I learned the game of pickleball playing with the jugs indoor and used to really like the ball but… has one major flaw. It goes soft after time and is like playing with a nerf ball. And when clubs add new balls they just mix the new ones in with the old and you never know what you are going to get game to game. It is very frustrating for a player like myself that plays a touch game and can not rely on how the ball with react on drop shots from ball to ball. Yes the pure 2 indoor as with the pure 2 outdoor takes a very short time to break in once it s it is a consistent playing ball. The other advantage as I see with both the pure 2 indoor and outdoor balls is they make it possible for a much easier transition from playing outdoor and indoors. With the dura 40 and the jugs I might as well be playing two different sports. No wonder I can’t get my outdoor friends to play indoor and my indoor friends to play outdoor.

    • Tom
      I feel your frustration on the difference from ball to ball during club play. We now play the Pure 2 and they are dead after a few days of play. Our ball person says “Just put them back into the holders and they will firm up.” Since they almost never break some of the yellow ones look chalk white and hardly bounce.
      I have decided that if I am forced to play with a ball that is dead I make it a personal challenge to make the best of it.. Like playing against someone who always gets the line calls wrong

  20. Excellent article Glen. I appreciate your effort to prevent pickleball from becoming “Little Tennis.” I prefer the Dura 40 over the Onix because it allows older players like myself to compete against younger players. Since the Dura bounces lower, I can get into a dinking game much quicker because the dura drops lower on the 3rd shot. The following soft game at the net requires patience, skill and finesse as opposed to power and speed. This is what is special about pickleball, and what so many of us love. This game is played by people of different generations and that makes it all the more fun. Let’s keep pickleball, pickleball.

  21. Glen
    Really enjoyed your article.
    Our club started using Jugs outdoors as a carry over from our old indoor courts. We then went to the Pickleball green Indoor balls but experienced many failures, some immediately and some after a relatively short amount of play. After much discussion the club switched to the Pure 2 with good results for playability and durability. The only downside is that once they are played for a w\hile they lose their liveliness and for a power hitter this is disappointing.
    One group I play with (advanced skill level power hitters) still uses the “Pickleball” green indoor ball because they play faster over a longer period. The problem is we have been told this ball has been discontinued. My research shows the closest ball by specifications (I believe they are manufactured by the same company Escalade) to it is the Jugs indoor ball but I have noticed that when the Jugs is hit hard it compresses to its limit. We we are not able to do this to the Pickleball green. I suspect it is the plastic but I am not sure.
    Your comments would be appreciated on the compressive strength of different balls and if there is a ball you are familiar with that we could try.
    Thanks in advance,

    • Chuck, your experience with the Jugs ball, the Pickleball Now green ball, and the Pure 2 ball is very helpful. And your question about compressive strength is insightful. As you now know, compressive strength changes with use and temperature. We are studying this topic right now in detail. I don’t have a good response for you yet. You have articulated a need that resonates with many players: You want a responsive ball, not a mushy ball.

  22. For the pickleball club I am in “cost” and “noise” are issues. If the balls crack frequently then our costs go up; therefore, we are looking for long lasting pickleballs. Our courts are on a converted tennis court and are near homes; therefore, we need to keep the pickleball ping to a minimum.

    It would be great if the pickleball “powers” would develop criteria for how long a pickleball must last and how much noise (decibels) it can make. I quess this is outside of the concerns of pickleball elites; however, it is a real concern for me.

    • Robert, great comment. I think your needs are representative of most pickleball communities. I would like to think that Elites describe tennis players not pickleball players. Perhaps I am a bit naive.

  23. I am 73. Since building our first pickleball court in the mid 80s using plastic interlocking tiles, I have played and loved this game but finding, teaching and engaging new players – especially getting them to try something other than tennis, paddle or racquetball – was a slog. Today, the sport is growing fantastically and friends now ask to be taught and invited to play. Hurray for that! But for me to hear that “better” players are whining about higher bouncing balls equalizing the game is astonishing and silly.

    I am reminded about how the US Golf Association is doing everything in its power to remain pure to the game and, in the process, has managed to drive interest in golf to new lows year after year. Where there once was joy, there are now incredibly unnecessary rules such as no-anchoring of putters that have angered amateurs and ruined the careers of promising young pros.

    I say this to those in charge of pickleball: There is no need to further regulate balls. If some balls bounce higher than others, well, that will simply be part of the game. As long as only one type of ball is used in a given event, play will be fair for all. “Better” players will be better only if they learn to adapt to the ball being used – the same way golfers learn to play each different course where some courses favor long hitters and some courses favor a left to right fade. All pickleball courts (outside anyway) are the same. Different balls can make for different kinds of play.

    Onix 2 balls happen to be great balls because they are lively for beginners and they don’t break. If someone makes a ball that bounces differently and doesn’t break, I’ll try them and embrace the differences because everyone on the court will be playing with the same ball. The surest way to cause players to disregard rules is to make silly ones. Let’s not get petty over balls.

    • Jay, your perspective from golf is helpful. Allowing lots of innovation at this stage in the growth of Pickleball may entice even more players. Regulating the sport to make it even more fun and spectator friendly rather than preserving the orignal nature of the sport might also attract younger players. I am glad that I don’t have to make these decisions!

  24. Glen,

    Before Onix Pure 2, our group spent much monies to replace cracked DURA Fast 40 outdoor balls especially during cold winter days. Since we switched to Pure 2, I hardly had any ball cracking at all.

    To save money while using DURA Fast, I conditioned those balls by wrapping them with towels and dunked them in boiling water for at least 3 minutes. Those balls lasted longer than the non-conditioned ones. I learned that technique from an article about how car manufacturers make plastic components more durable. In fact, one ball got ran over by my 2000 Honda CRV and was flattened but never cracked. It’s amazing how its plasticity changed just by boiling. I did not notice any significant changes on the bounce of those balls!

    Would you please consider the idea of boiling PURE 2 Balls and see what the effects are?

    • Romy, your observations and experience are fascinating! We’ll try your experiment on both the Dura and Pure 2 balls. Can you tell me how you wraped the balls in towels? Was that to keep them from floating?

      • Towel wraps prevent the balls from floating and also to prevent them from direct contacts with the metal pot.

  25. In a short period of time, I’ve come to love Pickleball and I quickly improved my game. Initially, we were playing with dura 40’s, but we switched to pure 2’s a year ago. Recently I played some matches with dura 40’s after not having done so in a year, and after big improvements in my game.

    My observations were that playing with high level competition, the duras improved my game. Both my hard serve and my overheads were much harder to return than with the pure two. Dinks bounced lower than with even well broke in pure 2’s. Points tended to be much shorter with the duras. The pure 2’s softer feel allow for much more defense, and even the 4.5-5.0 longtime players who grew up on duras admit to the fun of the extended rally’s and how much effort it takes to win points.

    I don’t know the answer…but I do have a question. I had heard that the pure 2 was originally spec’d to bounce lower and that the spec was adjusted at the last minute. If true…WHY???? I enjoy the softer paddle feel of the pure 2. I like the extended rally’s. I enjoy the extra spin. All that being said…I think I’m a harder player to handle when using the duras.

    But…the biggest problem I have with the pure 2 is the feeling of not being rewarded for good third shot drops and good dinking. Since that’s the real essence and equalizer of the game…generation vs. generation, male vs. female, etc. Why not just make the pure 2 bounce a couple inches lower. You shouldn’t hit a good third shot drop and have it bounce high enough to allow a topspin drive because the ball has bounced higher than net height. The ball doesn’t need to feel like a rock when you hit it or constantly cracks and go out of round like the dura 40.

    Make the pure 2 bounce less and it seems to me you have the answer to the question…a good feeling, durable ball that rewards you for playing the game the way it was meant to be played.

    • Todd, your comments are extremely insightful. I was not aware that Onix changed their spec to make the Pure 2 balls bounce higher. I am aware that the USAPA is now requiring that the Pure 2 ball bounce no higher than 34 inches when dropped from 78 inches. Currently, the Pure 2 bounches about 36-37 inches. This should address your exact point.

  26. Great article and explanation Glen!

    After playing about 95 percent of my indoor games (8 years total) with the higher bouncing indoor jugs ball though, I played outside today on asphalt with the Onix balls and was shocked at how little bounce there was…it was like playing basketball with a deflated ball.

    I’m a 65 YO guy who has really loved the game to this point, but I am seriously considering leaving the game after reading what the purpose was…to allow older, slower players (like me!) to stay in games. I really believe this will turn off younger, fitter players who enjoy something other than endless dinking at the net.

    I’m not doubting the skill and patience involved in that style game, just the timing of the rules changes as I finally see younger, more athletic people taking the sport up in my area. Slowing the game down and making it IMO more boring will not help our popularity with this demographic…which was the obvious goal with these rules changes.

    Thanks again for answering my questions though….the paragraphs below said it all for me as I look for a new sport.

    “The USAPA sought to address this issue while also addressing issues relating to the very nature of the sport. In October 2015, the USAPA modified the bounce limit from 37 inches to 34 inches.

    Their goal in limiting the bounce height was to preserve the tactical nature of the sport which rewards the patience and finesse required to succeed with a lower bouncing ball. The deadline for achieving the lower bounce was first set at May 1, 2016 and later pushed back to October 1, 2016.”

    • Rich, please don’t exit Pickleball! We need players like you. While I agree with your point and would prefer not to force younger, more athletic players into my style of game, I do empathize with the USAPA goal to preserve the nature of the sport. I think younger players will make the game faster regardless of the sport. Spectators also want a faster sport!

  27. Glen, well written article…I started and learned on the Dura…When the Pure 2 came out there was so much buzz that everyone was using them. I noticed right off how much better mediocre players became using it. Suddenly the playing field was equalized. I for one did not think that was good for the game. The skills that 5.0 players put into controlling the Dura were being diminished by the Pure. I am not at that level but even I could see it affected the skill level. Yes, it is still fun to play, and what ever ball we end up with Pickleball is one heck of a fun game!

  28. I have been playing high level racquet/paddle sports for most of my life – as well as golf. I’m totally deaf and rely on feel and techniques plus court management. I’m hooked to pickleball in a year and am close to a 4.5 player. Almost all tournaments that I have played in, they let you know which brand of ball, shuttlecock, squash ball’s color code, ping pong ball and tennis balls will be used in advance. Practice with that brand of ball prior to the event. What matters is that all players regardless of their skill level, are playing the same ball brand and same court surface. Does not matter 5.0 or 3.0 players – just warm up with the ball and get the feel for the floor surface bounce before the match. You should be ready to go.

    Rob Cundy, Alberta, Canada

    • Rob, great insights. I agree that top players, given a bit of time with the tournament ball and court surface, will make the adjustments needed.

  29. Wow, great article. So what are the expected lifespans for a pickleball ball. I know that in high level tournaments tennis balls are replaced at 7 games and then every 9 games in a match. For pickleballs I cannot find this information or estimates of lifespan. Can anyone tell me what the expected lifespan of a tournament pickleball ball is vs a club pickleball ball?

    • Richard, you raise a great question. Unfortunately there is no rule or common practice related to ball life. At some point Jugs and Pure 2 balls begin bouncing under the minimum of 30 inches. I have a dear friend with whom I play singles every week who always begins with a new ball…and then passes me a thousand times! Hey, the jugs ball only costs a dollar and lasts three hours! That is value.

  30. I have been playing for just under six months and decided to enter a tournament playing mixed and men’s. I play at the Community Life Center in Greenwood, Indiana. We just what I would call, balls bought by the bag full; cheap but playable. But when I showed for the tournament the Onix ball was being used and on a rubber material type floor. The ball was heavier and the flooring did not allow the ball much bounce. I should mention the place I’m referring to, Five Seasons Sports Center, Indianapolis. I was placed with a male partner I didn’t know so we did what we could together. But I have a female partner and we play well together. But we couldn’t figure out why everything we did just didn’t seem to work and our shoots looked off. After reading this article about balls and courts it all makes since now. Thank you for the information.

  31. I found your article interesting as we have been wanting to test the bounce of our balls. We play on an outdoor Rennes court. Seems like blacktop. There is some coating looks like aluminum threads with sort of vinyl green over it. The rules say drop from 78 inches onto a granite block. We would like to use our own surface to east but don’t know if the inches should be the same for the bounce. Suggestion?

  32. I come from table tennis. There are specific standards that all makers of table tennis balls must meet. There have been balls i preferred over others but ultimately a standard is required so we could worry more about technique and less about the ball. I am a 4.5 player working toward 5.0. I much prefer the onix pure or pure 2. The dura’s are inconsistently round and wobble. I don’t think a better feeling non-wobbely ball that is easier to control hurts the 5.0’s. Sounds more like the 5.0’s thing to protect their turf (no offense intended). It opens up the game to better shot making. Better response and feeling leads to confident shot-making. That leads to better shots and better volleys. Everyone at our club uses the onix pure 2 and our level of play has been raised. Ultimately we need one standard-whether its the rock-hard dura ball or the round onix pure. I would rather worry about technique than the ball. So pick one and lets go play!

  33. Excellent article Glen, it is a complex issue that you have done a great job of explaining. I never could have guessed when I started playing that I would be hooked on a game with the same name as a preserved vegetable, and have to squeeze the balls 96 times in order to play. It is a testament to how good a game it is that we all continue to play and love the game and the Pickleball community so much.

    • Thanks Laura! Pickleball is such a quirky name for such a social game. Sure is fun to be involved in the game at this early stage! Glen

  34. I just wonder if higher level players should dictate the balls we all play with. When pickleball was invented they tried to make the sport so mediocre athlete would be able to be competitive against a better athlete. Wonder if we need to move away from that philosophy. 4.5 and 5.0 players are good enough to win no matter if the ball is Jugs, Dura, etc. Make minimum requirements and let’s play.

  35. I find this all very interesting. I play in the 3.5 – 4.0 range. To me it takes more skill to hit a livelier ball soft than it does a softer ball. This of course is just the opposite of what the 5.0 players complain about. Either way I love the game and will enjoy watching who is going to control the outcome of what type of ball will be approved.

    • James, great observation. Even though the Dura bounces less than the Pure 2 when both are new, the Dura seems a more lively ball to many players. At least the Dura seems to come off the paddle faster.

  36. So great to hear someone at the top finally made an official ruling. For many months, our club here in Ft. Myers, did not know which ball we should be playing with. All players, no matter what skill level, or age, must play outdoors with the DuraFast 40. Period.

    Joe Knaeble
    Myerlee Gardens Estates
    Ft. Myers, FL

  37. Well, there are two things we can do with indoor pickleball. Keep the new bounce limit and force every company to change the balls, or play with the Juggs balls that almost everyone loves to play with, the balls that caused us to love the game int he first place. I’m pretty sure the rules committee will choose the worse of the two. As for outdoor pickleball, I don’t care. It’s a completely different game that just happens to have the same rules.

  38. The Dura 40 is the only ball I use on the court unless a TD has decided to use the Pure 2. I agree that the Dura keeps the sport true while the Pure 2 evens the playing field. Getting better requires long hours of practice and drilling….not training wheels. The USAPA has made a great decision. Thanks for listening to player recommendations.

  39. Brian – thanks for the comments. Glen did indeed indicate he might be a little biased towards the Dura. He has been playing with it for years and is involved with product development for PickleballCentral.
    The Pure 2 requires conditioning not because of what Pros feel or say, but because Onix used conditioning as part of the process when they got their ball approved. They successfully introduced their ball and it is indeed very popular in many areas.
    The USAPA has just moved to testing balls through a professional, independent lab with clearly laid out criteria. I think you will see that indeed over the next few years market forces will determine what balls are purchased. Having many choices means the market can pick the ball(s) that work best.

    • The only thing that is not addressed in the article is the durability of the balls. We love the Pure 2 ball at our Park in Sebring, FL. They rarely break. I know you are talking tournament play. It seems to me the ball you play regularly would be the ball you would want to use in a tournament. There are many players we call bangers. They don’t play the dink game nearly as much as I would like. So, the Dura, Top and other like balls break quite easily and balls are expensive when you break a lot of them. We will continue using the Onix Pure 2. Guess we are not skilled enough to worry about the differences.

  40. Hi Glen,

    Well written article. However, I can tell, immediately, that it is written by someone who has a bias towards the Dura. I sense the owners of the Dura, in realizing they have lost some serious maket share to the Pure 2, is happy to hear the inconsistent USAPA is “doing something” about the ball. The Pure 2 has become a widely accepted ball in many circles. Clubs and individuals have been gobbling them up at a rapid pace. Many tournaments have adopted the Pure 2 as their official tournament ball. So, I can understand your approach to writing this article with this type of slant.

    The reality is this ball is being penalized because a few 5.0 players are demanding the USAPA ban this ball. We are talking about less than 5% of the Pickleball population. Talk about the tail wagging the dog. There have been suggestions in some circles that suggest someone is being paid. How insane has the debate become.

    I am not a 5.0 player like you and I would not say I am a skilled player. I enjoy playing the game!!! In addition, I am the president of my club. In 2015, we spent over five thousand dollars ($6,000) for the Dura balls. The balls came in a box of 200 (?). On cold days, players in my club would crack about ten to fifteen balls within a two-hour period. About a third of the same box of balls were out-of-round. This made for inconsistent play. The familiar sight, before each game, is to see a player toss a ball in the air to see if it is wobbling. My club decided to switch to the Pure 2 last September. Since then, there has been a total of fifty balls lost. Five of them were broken and the other forty five were lost via the five finger discount. There was no need to toss the ball in the air to see if it was round and the bounce was consistent. My club members played with the Pure 2 right out of the box and did experience some (not all) of the balls bouncing a tad higher than the Dura, initially. This condition was quickly rectified after a game or two. A situation that could be lived with considering the alternative. By the same token, I have experienced the Durafast 40, with its inconsistent bounce and unpredictable behavior, when conditions are hot (~90°+). This is not the experience with the Pure 2. My club bought one thousand dollars worth of the Pure 2 balls (4 boxes of 100 balls each) and at the rate they are being utilized, it might take another three years or more before there is a need to purchase anymore.

    What I can conclude, from your article is that, according to you, the future of Pickleballs will be determined by a few select 5.0 players and not the thousands who live and play with the Pure 2. It seems to me that the USAPA is not basing their specifications on any scientific data, but by the standard set by the Durafast 40 ball. Because, as you so succinctly put it, your ball has been around since the inception and it is the “gold” standard by which all other balls need to be measured. Like other balls in different sports, the USAPA needs to define the characteristics for manufacturing Pickleballs. I agree that a Pickleball is not a wiffle ball.

    I look forward to seeing what the USAPA is going to do in the future. Let the market forces determine the purchasing of the balls and not the USAPA creating the perception they are favoring one ball.

    Yours truly,

    Brian Joseph

    • Brian, I really appreciate your perspective and insights! Actually I agree with you on nearly every point. 5.0 players ought not drive this sport! Clubs like yours should drive this sport. After all, Pickleball is not a spectator sport focused on elite players but a sport for participants. “Come and Play” not “Come and Watch” is our mantra. The Pure 2 Outdoor ball is a fantastic ball. I love it! Again, thanks for your great comments!

    • Brian,
      While I respect your playing experience with the Pure 2, you have clearly misrepresented some facts and have made some incorrect assertions. The USAPA is trying to preserve the sanctity of the game and nothing more. Just because you do not agree with this prudent direction, please do not label Glenn’s views as biased. Do you even know him? He is one of the most respected people in the game. You will get a chance to purchase a myriad of balls starting in 2018 that will all conform to more stringent performance standards that maintain the integrity of the game. Hopefully one will meet the needs of your club.

    • Hi Brian
      Let me guess you…. are in a cooler climate…with chilly mornings. I can see the dura ball cracking when it’s below 60 degrees far easier. I am a 4.0 player in Florida and REALLY notice the Pure 2 Ball as sitting up and almost waiting for you after it bounces, this creates longer rallies and it’s harder to score on strong opponents. I can see why beginners and intermediate players prefer the Onix ball, It’s easier to play with and lasts longer. Why not have two level of balls, a recreational /
      club ball ( Onix Pure 2 ) and a competitive outdoor ball ( Dura or Tops )? OR different balls for colder play ( Onix Pure 2 ) and warm areas ( Dura ).
      Doug L

  41. great article Glen….I will share this with my entire retail distribution network around the globe that are so confused by the rules that surround this little plastic ball….I too much prefer the Dura 40 and Top balls for outdoor play at higher levels and the Jugs ball for indoor play! Perhaps the solution is simple for both the manufacturers of the Jugs ball and the Onix Pure 2 ball……get them to “Condition” them themselves prior to shipping them to Pickleball Clubs and Retailers…….I don’t understand why this would be the responsibility of the pickleball player let alone a tournament committee?
    A further note on the Jugs balls testing criteria from the USAPA/IFP……instead of using the same criteria for an outdoor ball, which you have explained the ground surfaces are different, why can’t the USAPA/IFP change the criteria for the indoor ball on a wood or carpet surface. Perhaps they could use the existing bounce characteristics of the indoor jugs ball as the “New” indoor Wood floor criteria and voila!!!!!…….no need to do anything to the all ready great Jugs indoor ball we have?? just my thoughts!!

    Brooke Siver
    Manta World Sport

  42. What are we leaning about surfaces of outdoor courts? I had the Dads Club at my elementary school, where I volunteer, add a court to their redo of the playground, but what I got was concrete with a bounce-inducement surface of warm jello. Maybe hyperbole, but you get my drift. What do we need to do to make this a playable surface? I play indoors on wood but would like to play outdoors to improve me game.

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