How to Convert Tennis Courts to Pickleball Courts

Years ago David wrote this article for the USA Pickleball Association’s newsletter. We’re getting more and more questions on how to convert tennis courts to pickleball courts, so we thought we’d reproduce David’s article in our blog.

If you have underutilized tennis courts – or basketball courts for that matter – you might want to turn to an up-and-coming sport that is uniquely suited to adding new life to old courts, pickleball.

Pickleball is a fun court sport played on a badminton-sized court with the net lowered to 34 inches at the center. It is played with a perforated plastic ball similar to a whiffle ball and wood or composite paddles about twice the size of table tennis paddles. It can be played indoors or outdoors, is easy for beginners to learn – but can develop into a fast paced, competitive game for experienced players. In addition to being fun, the game has developed a reputation for its friendly and social nature.
Pickleball can be played as singles or doubles. New players can learn the game quickly in a single session. No special apparel is needed – just something comfortable and appropriate for a court sport. Equipment is inexpensive and easily portable. The game can be played by all ages and is particularly popular in school P.E. programs and senior citizen hangouts.The popularity of pickleball is really being driven by seniors. The reasons they enjoy pickleball in many ways parallels the reasons that they can better utilize many tennis courts:
  • They have lots of free time and can use the courts in peak as well as off – peak hours
  • Many former tennis players find pickleball a good “step -down” sport when tennis becomes too demanding
  • Pickleball is easy to learn so new players can be introduced to it and playing in minutes
  • Because the pickleball court is considerably smaller than a tennis court more courts can use the same space, allowing for more players at one time.

Court Conversion – One Pickleball Court Per Tennis Court

There are two paths to converting existing courts to pickleball courts: shared use and dedicated use.

With shared use simply add pickleball lines to an existing court and players of both sports can use the facility. This may cause some initial confusion, but players quickly get accustomed to the lines.

The simplest way to add one pickleball court is to just lower the tennis net to 34″ in the center.   The center strap could be used to bring the net down to 34 inches in the center. If the tension on the net cord is very tight, the tension might have to be loosened slightly by adjusting the ratchet on the net post.  Another option is to purchase a Tennis Net Adjuster to lower the net for pickleball or you can do it yourself using two eye hooks, two expandable sleeves and some tie down straps, but first make sure and you  have permission to drill a couple of holes into the court surface .

Lines can be painted on the court for pickleball. Then the court can be used for both tennis and pickleball very easily. Because of the size of the tennis court, you might want to have some sort of temporary barrier for the balls so that they don’t have to be chased the full length of the tennis court.

How to Adjust a Tennis Net to Regulation Pickleball Height

How to Adjust a Tennis Net to Regulation Pickleball Height


One Tennis Court Converted into Two Pickleball Courts

One Tennis Court Converted into Two Pickleball Courts

The diagram above shows 2 pickleball courts laid out on a tennis court. A standard tennis court pad is 60’x120′. The minimum recommended size for a pickleball court is 30’x60′. That is exactly one fourth the size of a standard tennis court pad. Therefore, it is possible to put 4 pickleball courts in the space of a tennis court except for the possible existence of angled corners that are on some tennis courts.

If the corners are angled, then two courts can fit very nicely as shown. If the conversion is temporary or it is desired to be able to continue to use the court for tennis, then portable net stands can be used for the pickleball courts and the tennis net can be left in place as a backstop for the two pickleball courts.
One Tennis Converted into Four Pickleball Courts

One Tennis Court Converted into Four Pickleball Courts

The diagram above shows four pickleball courts on a tennis court. Note how the position of the pickleball courts has been shifted by two feet to allow for the angled corners of the tennis court.  That leaves only 6 feet between the pickleball baseline and the tennis net. That is a little tight, but works in a pinch.
If the tennis court does not have angled corners, then move the courts 2 feet so that there is an 8 – foot distance between the pickleball baseline and the backstops. Note how the lines are made to coincide as much as possible with the tennis court lines in order to minimize line confusion for the players. Note also that this layout does not allow room for fences between the side-by-side courts.
Permanent Courts
This diagram (below) shows 2 tennis courts that are permanently converted to 8 pickleball courts. If a single tennis court is converted, just refer to half of the diagram. Angled corners are squared off if necessary. If the tennis court is a standard dimension of 60’x120′, that only allows 5 feet between the pickleball sidelines and the fences. That should be considered the minimum dimension. If space and budget allow, add some additional overall width. That will give the more active players more room and also give room for seating on the courts.
Conversions are happening across the United States with great success.
Two tennis courts can be converted into eight pickleball courts

Two Tennis Courts Converted into Eight Pickleball Courts

Stanley Volkens, USA Pickleball Association Local Ambassador for Southwest Ohio, and seasonal resident of Arizona, surveyed the 16 tennis courts in Middletown and found them greatly underutilized. Stanley approached the park board with a plan to convert two under-utilized tennis courts into 6 beautiful new and regularly used pickleball courts.
The Park Board gave Stanley and his pickleball players permission to convert 2 tennis courts over to 6 pickleball courts. The dimensions worked out perfectly. The courts have 14 ft. between them with 8 ft. at the ends. The tennis nets are the backdrops between the ends of the courts. The courts are laid out north and south. The pickleball players did all the work and paid all the cost ($3,956 total). They presented the new courts to the city with a ribbon cutting ceremony with park board and city council members.
Paul Barksdale and Rex Lawler, Local Ambassadors for Greater Terre Haute, Indiana played on the new Middletown courts in the SW Ohio Senior Games and were so impressed that they brought a similar plan back home. They found underutilized tennis courts and proposed a shared cost plan to their park and recreation department. The players raised $1500 to cover nets, posts, and other supplies and the park and recreation department agreed to provide the labor following the same step-by-step process and court format used in Ohio.In Port Angeles, Washington two deteriorating tennis courts were converted into six pickleball courts.
Originally donated to the city by the Elks in 1951, the $30,000 conversion cost was shared by the Elks and the city. The courts are now often maxed out with 24 players at a time having a fun and getting exercise.The USA Pickleball Association has over 300 local ambassadors who are ready and willing to assist with the development of more pickleball courts and community involvement efforts.Pickleball is a great sport for seniors but is also popular with all ages. Just witness a heated inter-generational game and you will see why this sport with a funny name is becoming so popular.
By David Johnson, partner at and former Media Relations Chair for the USA Pickleball Association.

23 thoughts on “How to Convert Tennis Courts to Pickleball Courts

  1. I propose adding the two pickleball court lines to either side of a tennis net, with 7′ spacing between each nearest pickleball service line and the tennis net. Lines can be added to create no-volley zones on either side of the tennis net. The pickleball court across the tennis net then uses the nearest service areas of the portable net courts. This layout allows a group without a portable net to play across the tennis net, or two groups with portable nets to play independently on the tennis court.

  2. hi – our local parks & rec dept. is in the process of converting 2 tennis courts into tennis and pickleball side by side (1 tennis court, 4 pickleball courts). Was wondering if anyone has seen this done and if so, how are the 4 pickleball courts on 1 of the tennis courts layed out …. a 2X2 court layout going the same direction as the tennis court, or 4 side by side courts perpendicular to the tennis court. Was also wondering how the 2 sports coexist side by side with both balls going into other courts and the distracting noise of pickleballs.

  3. Does anyone have a rough feel for what it costs to convert a Har-tru tennis court to a hard court that could be used for tennis and pickle ball?

    • If done ‘right’, conversion is in the ballpark of 20K. Most of the work is scraping off the har-tru material down to the stone drainage base, which can then be left to create the same drain base for the asphalt court !

  4. Is it necessary to paint the surface of a pickleball court? We have an existing outdoor full size concrete basketball court. We are planning to add the net and lines to make this a multi use court. Does painting the surface enhance play? Or is is done maily for looks?

    • Hi Leslie,

      You don’t have to paint a court, and many players do just use preexisting surfaces. Using proper paint/surfacing does enhance play, however. For example the product we carry called PicklePave helps to even out court surfaces and reduces skidding during play. But you’ll also be fine adding lines and a net to your court “as is.” Hope you have fun!

  5. Where do you get the statement “standard size tennis court pad is 60’x120′. ” I am thinking it is 36′ X 78′. Am I missing something?

    • Hi Wayne, I’m not sure where David got the measurement, but I’m assuming he based it on palletized/tile tennis court models which work out to those dimensions when assembled, such as the one by DuraPlay. Regardless, any standard-sized tennis court should be able to be adapted for pickleball since pickleball courts are quite a bit smaller in comparison.

    • Yes, a standard tennis court playing surface does measure 36′ X 78′. However, he was referring to the total area inside the fence necessary for a tennis court. The standard dimensions fence to fence for a single tennis court is 60′ X 120. That allows enough room for a 36′ X 78′ playing surface and 21′ from each baseline to the fence and 12′ from the doubles sidelines to the fence. A much larger area than the actual court dimensions is needed to allow room for play. This is also the case in Pickleball where the recommended 30′ X 60′ total space is needed for a 20′ X 44′ Pickleball court. With 30′ X 60′ space needed for a Pickleball court, four PB courts fit nicely into a 60′ X 120′ single tennis court.

    • The pad of 60′ x 120′ is the fence to fence of 1 tennis court (2 tennis courts are usually on a pad of 120′ x 120′). The dimensions you gave of 36′ x 78′ are the actual doubles court dimensions.

  6. A Foundation I am on is working to convert 2 city tennis courts into 6 PB courts with the intent of holding tournaments and increase the sport in NE Oklahoma. The slab is in great condition but fencing needs to be replaced and added.
    We have funds to buy nets and paint the courts(ourselves). Are there organizations we can contact to gain advise?


    • Hi Tyler, you may want to contact court contractors in your area and see if they can help. In our Oklahoma guide, Merritt Tennis is listed as a potential resource. We recommend using Picklepave for the paint, as we sell it and used it ourselves on our courts here at PBC.

      There is a PDF guide on how to use in the product description, but if you have specific questions you can also contact the manufacturer, California Sports Surfaces. They do actually install courts outside of CA as well, so they might have more info about who to get in touch with in OK.

  7. We can get a quick overview of this article regarding the difference in between tennis courts and pickleball courts. Both the courts are quite different and normally pickleball courts are the same size as a doubles badminton court, here from this article, we learn some basic things about the difference and also learn how to convert tennis courts to pickleball courts. Thanks for this wonderful overview.

  8. I heard the same thing about the holes in our tennis court. We’re trying to figure out if it is a legit deal for our neighborhood.

  9. Yes, I’ve heard about tennis courts being ruined by Pballers. Not one to discount anything, no matter how preposterous it is or sounds. Have not verified that story, but I find it hard to believe a PB ball (polymer, plastic or rubber mixed in) could do such damage to a hard court.
    As a former tennis player, I can say that PB is fun, challenging and satisfying if you play it hard. Lots of soft drop shots mixed in at net too.
    Go Pickleball! Still like tennis too and I think they ought to co exist.

  10. Just played on our tennis courts and found that yesterday’s pickle ballers, whom we allowed to play there, had made at least a dozen holes in the middle of our court. Water had gone into the holes. Our tennis club spent a lot of money on a wonderful surface and these pickle ballers have seriously damaged it.

    • The holes would not be made by the pickleball. Unlikely shoes unless someone wearing cleats or soccer shoes. Possibly the net poles were handled carelessly and the ends dug into the courts or it was simple vandalism with the poles if the pickleball players are responsible at all. We have had no problems on our courts ever in the three years we have been using them. I am the high school tennis coach and have been monitoring the use.. No problems!!!!

    • No… You didn’t… You just don’t like pickle ball… And that’s fine. Just don’t make up internet fake posts and lies… If aPickle ball, basically a waffle ball, could do ANY damage to a court, such as a tennis player hitting his metal racket on the ground, than an acorn falling from a tree would make the court look identical to the surface of the moon… Build a bridge and get over yourself.

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